Types of Real Estate Investment

With real estate investing, you have multiple opportunities to build equity over time. Despite rising mortgage and housing prices, the real estate market continues to show growth. 

Additionally, demand for real estate properties in the current market has significantly outpaced supply, making it a great time to invest.

Real estate investment comes with a variety of options, but understanding them is vital before you begin. It is important to keep in mind that each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Find out what you should know before you make a decision about where to invest your money.

What are the Types of Real Estate Investments?

Real estate investing is more than just buying an investment property and renting it out. While it is a viable option, it’s just a drop in the ocean compared to all the options available at your disposal.

Real estate investing offers plenty of opportunities for everyone, whether or not you have time and money to spend on an investment property. Take a look at the following options for you to consider.

Residential Real Estate

Whether it is single-family homes, multi-family homes, condos, or vacation homes—residential real estate is anywhere where people can live or stay.

Generally, residential real estate investors earn income by either collecting rent from tenants, receiving payment from short-term rentals, or maximizing their property’s value as it appreciates between when they buy and sell it.

Residential real estate investing encompasses a wide range of operations. It can be as simple as renting out a spare room or as complex as purchasing a house and doing repairs on it.

Here are some potential pros and cons of residential real estate investing:


  • Potential for rental income: You can earn passive income by renting out a property.
  • Appreciation: Property values tend to increase over time, providing the opportunity for capital gains.
  • Inflation hedge: Real estate tends to keep pace with inflation, protecting your investment against the rising cost of living.
  • Tax advantages: You may be able to claim deductions on mortgage interest, property taxes, and other expenses.
  • Control: As a property owner, you have control over management decisions and can make improvements to increase the property’s value.


  • Initial investment: Purchasing a property can require a significant upfront investment.
  • Risk: Real estate values can fluctuate, and there is always a risk of market downturns or unexpected expenses.
  • Property management: Being a landlord can be time-consuming and require a significant amount of effort, particularly if you manage the property yourself.
  • Vacancies: If you are unable to find tenants, you may be left with a property that is not generating any income.
  • Liability: As a property owner, you may be liable for injuries or damages that occur on the property.

Commercial Real Estate

Any property that is used for leasing space for business operations and services is considered commercial real estate investing. Apartment complexes, hotels, hospitals, gas stations, and parking lots are typical examples of these properties. 

Business owners typically invest in this category to establish their brand in a specific location or provide their employees with a working office. Sales and transactions are important for creating cash flow, whereas the majority of its returns are generated by rental profits.

Here’s a short description of the potential pros and cons of commercial real estate investing:


  • Higher potential income: Commercial properties typically generate higher rental income than residential properties.
  • Longer lease terms: Commercial leases are usually longer than residential leases, providing greater stability and a reliable income stream.
  • Professional tenants: Commercial tenants are often businesses that have a vested interest in maintaining the property and paying rent on time.
  • Appreciation: Like residential properties, commercial properties can appreciate over time, providing the potential for capital gains.
  • Commercial property proprietors may be eligible for mortgage interest and property tax deductions, among other tax breaks.


  • Higher upfront costs: Commercial properties are generally more expensive than residential properties, requiring a larger upfront investment.
  • More complex leasing process: Commercial leases are often more complex and require a greater level of expertise to negotiate and manage.
  • Vacancy risks: Vacancies in commercial properties can result in longer periods without rental income and may be more difficult to fill.
  • Higher expenses: Commercial properties may have higher maintenance and repair costs due to more extensive use and tenant needs.
  • Economic sensitivity: Commercial properties are more sensitive to changes in the economy and market conditions.

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)

Real estate investment trusts (REITs) are entities that own different types of commercial property, including hotels, shops, offices, malls, or restaurants.

On the stock exchange, you can buy shares of these real estate companies. While investing in a REIT provides an investor with the opportunity to invest in the properties these companies own, without taking on the additional risks of owning the properties yourself.

REITs are required to return 90% of their taxable income to shareholders each year. In addition to accumulating dividends, this strategy allows investors to diversify their portfolios. Unlike other types of real estate investments, publicly traded REITs offer flexible liquidity.

Stock exchange shares, on the other hand, can be sold on the stock exchange if you need emergency funds.

Here’s a short description of the potential pros and cons of Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs):


  • Passive income: REITs provide investors with the opportunity to earn passive income through regular distributions of rental income.
  • Diversification: REITs offer investors exposure to a diversified portfolio of real estate properties and asset classes, reducing risk and providing potential for higher returns.
  • Professional management: REITs are managed by professional teams with expertise in real estate management, reducing the burden on individual investors.
  • Liquidity: Because REITs are publicly traded on stock exchanges, investors can purchase and sell shares readily and quickly.
  • Tax efficiency: REITs are not subject to federal income tax if they distribute at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders.


  • Volatility: REITs are susceptible to market volatility and interest rate fluctuations, which may result in investor losses.
  • Fees: REITs can have high management fees and expenses, which can reduce overall returns for investors.
  • Limited control: As passive investors, shareholders have limited control over the management and operation of the properties held by the REIT.
  • Interest rate sensitivity:Changes in interest rates may have an impact on the borrowing costs and financial performance of REITs.
  • No guarantee of returns: Investors run the risk of loss, as is the case with any type of venture.

Crowdfunding Platforms

Platforms that offer real estate crowdfunding can provide investors with high returns, but also present significant risk.

Accredited investors can only participate in some crowdfunding platforms if they have a net worth of more than $1 million, or a joint net worth of the same value—this excludes the value of their home, or an annual income of over $200,000 per year or $300,000 with a spouse, in the last two years.

Nontraded REITs or REITs not listed on a stock exchange, are usually the most common type of this kind of investment.

Due to their nonpublic status, nontraded REITs can be highly illiquid, so you may not be able to withdraw your funds if you need them. It is important to remember that the recession hasn’t yet tested many crowdfunding platforms because they have a short track record.

Crowdfunding platforms have gained popularity as a method for raising capital for businesses, initiatives, and individuals. However, using these platforms has both advantages and disadvantages. Listed below are some benefits and drawbacks of crowdfunding platforms.


  • Access to Capital: Crowdfunding platforms provide access to capital that may not be offered by traditional lending institutions or investors. It enables individuals and businesses to interact with a vast array of potential backers willing to fund their initiatives or endeavors.
  • Marketing: Individuals and businesses can market their initiatives, goods, or services to a large audience via crowdfunding campaigns. This can be an effective method for building brand recognition, generating chatter, and attracting customers.
  • Validation: A successful crowdfunding campaign can be an indication that there is demand for a product or service. It can validate the idea or business model and help build confidence among investors and lenders.
  • Low Barrier to Entry: Low entry barriers exist for crowdfunding platforms. This means that virtually anyone can create a fundraising campaign and begin soliciting contributions. This is especially beneficial for individuals or enterprises with limited access to funding or who are unable to obtain loans from conventional lenders.


  • High Fees: Typically, crowdfunding platforms assess a commission equal to a percentage of the funds raised. This can range from 5 to 10 percent of the total funds raised. These fees can substantially reduce the quantity of available funds for the endeavor or business.
  • Limited Control: Crowdfunding platforms may impose certain restrictions on campaigns, such as deadlines and fundraising targets. This can limit the control that project owners have over the campaign and may result in a failure to reach the desired goals.
  • Competition: With so many campaigns on crowdfunding platforms, it can be difficult to stand out and attract backers. This can result in campaigns failing to meet their fundraising targets and not being able to access the capital they need.
  • Risks for Backers: Backers who invest money in crowdfunding campaigns face dangers. There is no assurance the undertaking will be successful or that investors will receive a return on their investment. This can lead to monetary losses for supporters.

Raw Land

Raw land, also known as undeveloped land or vacant land, is a type of real estate investment that involves purchasing land with the intention of holding it for future development or sale. Unlike other types of real estate investments like rental properties or REITs, raw land does not generate any income while it is being held. Instead, investors purchase raw land with the hope that it will appreciate in value over time.

Here are some potential pros and cons of investing in raw land in real estate:


  • Potential for capital appreciation: Raw land has the potential to increase in value over time, providing investors with the opportunity for capital appreciation.
  • Flexibility: Investors have more options when working with raw ground because of its adaptability to different uses.
  • Minimal maintenance: Raw land generally requires minimal maintenance, which can reduce operating costs for investors.
  • Potential for income: Depending on the location and zoning of the land, investors may be able to generate income from leasing or renting the land for agricultural, recreational or commercial purposes.


  • Lack of income: Unlike developed properties, raw land generally does not generate income for investors until it is developed or sold.
  • Development costs: Developing undeveloped territory can be costly and time-consuming due to the need for permits, environmental studies, and construction expenses.
  • Market risk: The market worth of raw property can rise or fall depending on national and regional economic and real estate trends.
  • Liquidity: It can be challenging to swiftly sell undeveloped land, and it may take time to locate a buyer willing to pay the desired price.

Which Real Estate Investment is Best for You?

In the case of traditional real estate, such as rental properties, doing your due diligence goes beyond putting down a deposit. It’s important to understand your local market.

A home or commercial investment could quickly turn into a burden due to some factors, like if there isn’t much demand in your area or if property values begin to drop.

Investing in real estate through REITs and crowdfunding platforms gives you greater control over your portfolio without owning physical property. Regardless of whether the overall market is up or down, there is always potential and profit in real estate.

Be sure to work with a reliable company that has your best interests in mind. Do you have an interest in real estate investment?

Our team is ready to assist you, email us at info@saintinvestment.com or contact us at 949-881-7128 at Saint Investment Group today!

Frequently Asked Questions:

What is real estate investment?

Real estate investment refers to the purchase, ownership, management, rental, or sale of real estate for profit. Real estate can include a variety of property types, such as residential properties, commercial properties, raw land, and more.

What are the risks associated with real estate investment?

Real estate investment entails a variety of hazards, including changes in market conditions, economic recessions, natural disasters, regulatory changes, and unanticipated expenses.

What are the types of real estate investment?

Residential real estate, commercial real estate, industrial real estate, retail real estate, and undeveloped land investment are the categories of real estate investments. Each form of real estate investment has distinct benefits, hazards, and characteristics.

What are the benefits of investing in real estate?

Real estate investment offers various benefits such as potential for appreciation, passive income, tax advantages, inflation hedge, diversification, control, and leverage.

How do I get started with real estate investment?

Real estate investment can be a profitable method to generate passive income, develop wealth, and diversify one’s portfolio. It is essential to enlighten yourself on the various forms of real estate investment and market conditions before beginning. You should establish distinct investment objectives, evaluate your financial situation, and construct a network of professionals to provide guidance and support throughout the process. Conducting extensive market research, securing financing, locating a suitable property, and administering it effectively are all crucial steps for achieving investment success. With proper planning and execution, real estate investment can yield long-term financial returns.